Antibody labeling form

    Why choose ProteoGenix for
    your antibody labeling?

    Guaranteed antibody labeling
    No win – no fee

    You pay only if we succeeded in conjugating your antibody and if it keeps its activity.

    One-stop antibody conjugation solution
    Integrated solution

    We can take care of your entire project, from antibody generation to conjugation.

    Adapted antibody conjugation chemistry
    Adapted conjugation chemistry

    We adapt the conjugation chemistry depending on your antibody and requirements.

    Antibody-drug conjugate development
    Make ADCs

    You need to conjugate a drug? Visit our antibody-drug conjugate development page.

    Large choice of molecules
    Large choice of molecules

    We can conjugate a large range of molecules: reporter enzymes, fluorescent tags, biotin…

    Antibody labeling experts
    PhD account managers

    We put PhD account managers at your disposal to guide you in the best direction.

    Common tags used in antibody labeling


    Avidin is a molecule forming one of the strongest non-covalent interaction with its ligand, Biotin. The Biotin-Avidin bond formation is very rapid and is very stable independently of the conditions (pH, temperature and other denaturing conditions). The small size of biotin is a main advantage for antibody labeling as it doesn’t affect the properties of the labeled antibody. This small size also confers to biotin the capacity to increase the sensitivity of an assay (as one avidin molecule can bind to 3 labeled biotin molecules).
    Biotin labeled antibodies are used in various techniques such as ELISA, Western blot, Immunohistochemistry, FACS…
    Several methods exist to make biotin labeled antibodies however, primary amine biotinylation remains the most common technique. Briefly, this chemical reaction results in the labeling of the antibody on the ε-amino groups of the chemically accessible lysines through the use of a N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (NHS) of a biotin analog.


    HRP is an enzyme reporter commonly used for antibody labeling for various applications such as Western Blot, ELISA or IHC. This enzyme is characterized by a high turnover rate allowing generating a strong signal in a short time period.

    3 detection methods are commonly using HRP labeled antibodies:

    • Colorimetric detection: in presence of hydrogen peroxide, HRP catalyzes to reduction of H2O2 into water while oxidizing a substrate such as 4-chloro-1-naphtol (4-CN) or 3,3′,5,5′-Tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) or polymerizing 3′-diaminobenzidine (DAB). These reactions all induce the formation a easily detectable colored precipitate.
    • Chemiluminescence detection: again, in presence of hydrogen peroxide, HRP oxidizes luminol into an unstable excited state intermediate leading to the formation of 3′-aminophtalate and to the emission of light at 425nm.
    • Fluorescent detection is also possible depending on the substrate used.

    As biotin, HRP can be conjugated to the e-amino groups of the chemically accessible lysines. It is also possible to link HRP to cysteine residues thanks to a two-step reaction involving successively the reduction of the disulfide bonds of the antibody and the electrophilic addition of a thiol-reactive compound (e.g. a labeled maleimide).


    FITC is an isothiocyanate derivative of fluorescein rendering it reactive towards primary amines and thiol groups present in the lysine and cysteine residues (when reduced) of biomolecules, respectively. Usually, 3 to 6 fluorescein molecules are conjugated per antibody in order to prevent eventual quenching and solubility issues.
    Fluorescent dyes such as fluorescein are commonly used in various lab applications such as Western Blot, flow cytometry and immunofluorescence.